1-Q: When is Zakaatul Fitr to be given out?
A: It is the Sunnah as relates to Zakaatul Fitr to give it out before the ‘Eid prayer. (As for) the one who gives it after the prayer, verily his reward is not like the reward of Zakaatul Fitr.
2-Q: Is it permissible to make up (the payment) of Zakaatul Fitr?
A: Whoever does not pay (give out) Zakaatul Fitr until after its time had elapsed must make it up but the the reward of it is not like the reward of the one who gives it out in its (proper) time.
3-Q: Can you entrust some to pay Zakaatul Fitr on your behalf?
A: It is permissible for an individual to entrust someone to pay Zakaatul Fitr on their behalf with the condition that the one they entrust it to is trustworthy and that they pay it in the time that has been legislatively defined.
4-Q: Is Zakaatul Fitr to be paid on behalf of the unborn child?
A: Zakaatul Fitr is to be paid on behalf of the unborn child because 'Uthmaan (radi Allahu ‘anhu) paid Zakaatul Fitr on behalf of the unborn child in the stomach of his mother.
5-Q: Is Zakaatul Fitr to paid on behalf of a servant?
A: Whoever has a servant must pay Zakaatul Fitr on their behalf. If the servant is a Muslim, they (must) pay it on their behalf but if they are a Kaafir (non-Muslim) then he does not pay it on their behalf.
6-Q: Is it permissible to transfer Zakaatul Fitr from one country to another?
A: Yes, it is permissible to transfer Zakaatul Fitr from one country to another.
7-Q: A person works in other than his country, does he distribute the Zakaatul Fitr in his own country (i.e. back home) or in another country (i.e. the country he works in?)
A: Whoever works in other than his own country, then verily he is to distribute Zakaatul Fitr in the country that he fasted in and he is not to distribute it in his own country. If his children are (back home) in their country then verily they would distribute the Zakaatul Fitr in their country and their father is not to distribute it on their behalf in the country in which he fasted in.
8-Q: Is Zakaatul Fitr given on behalf of a old person who is senile?
A: The guardian of the elderly who has become senile is to pay Zakaatul Fitr on their behalf and the obligation is not removed from them.
9-Q: Is Zakaatul Fitr is paid on behalf of a mentally challenged person?
A: The guardian of a mentally challenged person is to pay Zakaatul Fitr on their behalf.
10-Q: Can Zakaatul be given to a non-Muslim?
A: The origin of Zakaatul Fitr is to give it to Muslims and not to give it to non-Muslims when/if Muslims are found/available.
- Fiqh and Fataawa